Technology and Finance: Challenges for Financial Markets, Business Strategies and Policy Makers
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Deliver the future today with practical lessons from AI’s frontrunners
Consumer expectations. Increasing competition from financial technology companies. Financial technology FinTech companies are usually start-up companies based on using software to provide financial services. The increasing popularity of FinTech companies is disrupting the way traditional banking has been done.
This creates a big challenge for traditional banks because they are not able to adjust quickly to the changes — not just in technology, but also in operations, culture, and other facets of the industry. In recent years, China has grown into a major provider of coal power finance in overseas markets, replacing financing by Estimating mobilized private finance for adaptation — Executive Summary Global Landscape of Climate Finance It aims to identify how business investment can be optimized to support socially inclusive development, delivering productivity, profitability, and sustainability gains.
Climate Finance in and the USD billion goal 3. Few studies examine how technical assistance may help mobilize additional public and private climate finance to help developing countries mitigate and adapt to climate change. Increasing global demand for food and the need to address climate change risk make it ever more urgent to both protect ecosystems and use land more productively and efficiently. Brazil is a key player in this context and has made significant gains in recent decades. Between and , its average national cattle farm productivity doubled and its average national crop farm productivity quadrupled.
Towards Efficient Land Use in Brazil 1. It takes no position on what should count: instead it organizes different aspects of climate finance in politically relevant ways that could help facilitate clearer understanding and convergence.
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This report provides recommendations on the design and distribution of policymakers and development finance institutions' policy and financing tools to enable fast and cost-effective deployment of geothermal in developing countries. It draws lessons from case studies of geothermal projects with different public, private and mixed development models in Turkey, Kenya and Indonesia. Climate change has financial implications for investors — presenting significant portfolio risks as well as new market opportunities.
This paper explores the landscape of climate exposure and examines the strengths as well as some of the current limitations of ESG data, tools, and financial products. While this is welcome news to policymakers intent on combating forest clearings, a new challenge has emerged: deforestation now occurs on smaller tracts of land, which is more difficult to detect and remains unaddressed. This study examines the effectiveness of risk mitigation instruments used in a Ugandan hydropower project in driving investment and reducing costs and examines how these instruments might be used to drive private investment in other renewable energy projects in developing countries with high investment risks.
The project is one of very few to make simultaneous use of different risk mitigation instruments provided by the World Bank Group.
Deliver the future today with practical lessons from AI’s frontrunners
This study presents three tools for governments and their partners to use to inform the design of efficient and effective land use mitigation and adaptation strategies supported by multilateral and bilateral programs, to identify domestic and international financial instruments that can redirect public and private finance towards greener land-use practices, and to encourage coordination between public instruments across land-use sectors.
This case study analyzes the MW Sarulla Geothermal Power Plant GPP which is on course to become the largest single contract geothermal power plant project in the world in The project has the highest private sector involvement of any geothermal project on a previously undeveloped field in Indonesia, thanks to substantial public support in the form of financing, guarantees and a feed-in tariff.
This working paper provides emerging insights from the experience of seven Development Finance Institutions DFIs in driving private sector investment in climate resilience. A growing number of government, business and civil society, including Unilever and IDH, have a goal of transforming the Indonesian rural economy by , to deliver net positive environmental impacts and improve smallholder farmer livelihoods.
This requires a focus on transforming the oil palm sector from being a driver of deforestation, to one that is highly productive and sustainable. Achieving a high-productivity, sustainable palm oil sector in Indonesia- a landscape management approach This case study looks at Olkaria III, the first privately funded and developed geothermal project in Africa to understand how the Kenyan government and international public finance are working together to attract private investment in geothermal.
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The Governments of Indonesia and Central Kalimantan have ambitious targets to both grow the palm oil sector and improve environmental quality by reducing deforestation, and smallholder farmers are an important part of the picture. We find that, as the plantation area managed by smallholder farmers grows, there are opportunities to improve productivity and farmer benefits within all models of smallholder organization that we examined, particularly for individual partnership and independent farmers. In April , Lab members, who include high-level experts from public and private institutions, endorsed the launch of the pilot initiatives after a year-long process supported by rigorous analysis to determine which instruments showed the most promise.
The initiatives have collectively raised over USD million in initial funding, with more expected to follow through an ongoing process that will draw on expertise and resources of additional Lab member institutions, as well as other private and public stakeholders.
The Phase 3 Instrument reports summarize analysis conducted by Climate Policy Initiative, as Lab Secretariat, to refine these initiatives and outline concrete implementation pathways. The Government of India has ambitious renewable energy targets, but limited financial resources to meet those targets. CPI examines how much it would cost the government to reach its renewable energy targets, by comparing the levelized cost of electricity from renewable energy to a baseline fossil fuel in absence of any subsidies — whether explicit or implicit; estimating the total cost of support for renewable energy under accelerated depreciation, which is the most cost-effective of existing policies; and investigating federal policy options to make this support even more cost-effective.
Geothermal energy holds significant promise for the development of low-carbon energy systems. One of the lowest cost sources of renewable electricity, it also has the ability to meet baseload power demand and backstop fluctuating One crucial aspect of efficient land use is agricultural risk management, which includes protecting farmers from adverse shocks, such as unfavorable weather and pests, and from price risk caused by volatility in output prices. Como melhorar a produtividade agricola no Brasil The Global Innovation Lab for Climate Finance is a new, global initiative that draws on expertise from around the world to design and pilot the next generation of cutting edge climate finance instruments.
The most comprehensive inventory of climate finance to-date, The Global Landscape of Climate Finance , finds that global climate finance flows have fallen to USD billion — far below even the most conservative estimates of investment needs. The Global Landscape of Climate Finance Many nations face the challenge of reconciling economic and environmental goals.
A Production-Protection strategy is an integrated approach aimed at Geothermal energy is broadly cost competitive with fossil fuel alternatives even without a carbon price. However, its rate of deployment has been slower than other renewables over the last thirty years and will need to speed up rapidly if this technology is to deliver on its promise.
In addition, geothermal technologies that can harness lower temperature geothermal resources need to achieve more deployment to bring costs down. With the right policies, the transition to a low-carbon energy system consistent with avoiding the most damaging effects of climate change could free up trillions of dollars over the next 20 years to invest in better economic growth. Governments around the world use energy performance contracts EPCs with energy service companies ESCOs to reduce the energy costs and carbon emissions of public buildings without any budget outlay on their part.
This brief draws lessons from the first program of this kind in Italy to cover energy savings alone and introduce pure EPC on a regional scale. Part of a series looking at the role of public finance in driving concentrated solar power CSP deployment and cost reductions, this report draws lessons from Spanish support policies which drove the creation of a world-leading industry and then shattered investor confidence through retroactive changes.
What Is Climate Finance? Definitions to Improve Tracking and Scale Up In this report, CPI identifies which public actors are investing in Indonesia, through which instruments, and what they are investing in to provide a baseline against which to measure progress and plan scale up. This mapping exercise reveals investment patterns that allow decision makers to pinpoint where the biggest barriers and opportunities are. Komitmen Indonesia untuk mendorong pertumbuhan ekonomi sekaligus mengurangi risiko perubahan iklim tercermin melalui serangkaian kebijakan baru yang diberlakukan beberapa tahun terakhir untuk mencapai target pengurangan emisi yang diumumkan di tahun Dalam laporan ini kami mengidentikasi para pelaku publik yang berinvestasi di Indonesia, instrumen yang digunakan, dan bentuk investasi yang dilakukan yang kemudian menjadi landasan untuk mengukur progress dan rencana pengembangan.
Kami juga menemukan pola investasi yang membantu kami mengidentifikasi tantangan dan kesempatan yang ada.
California is both one of the largest economies and one of the largest emitters globally, making its climate change policies some of the most important in the world. They are also some of the most ambitious. A key component of this set of policies is the Cap and Trade Program Cap and Trade in Practice — Full Report It presents our analysis of the financial barriers affecting large-scale renewable energy in California.
Only 3. Aluguel de Terras no Brasil — Sumario Executivo With findings drawn from four case studies and background paper, this policy brief offers recommendations for IFIs and developing country policymakers on how to make this happen in the most cost-effective way. Electricity systems across the U. While the transition provides plenty of opportunities for investors, businesses, and consumers alike, the current business and regulatory models of investor owned utilities IOUs and independent power producers IPPs , which have mainly developed around competitive markets for fossil fuel generation, are particularly ill-suited to take advantage of these new opportunities.
It brings higher potential for cost reduction, building up local supply chains and promoting energy security than other CSP project currently under development in the country. Manipulacao de Estimativas de Fatores de Capacidade em contratos de emergia eolica — Sumario Executivo This brief presents findings from a project that aims to support the Green Climate Fund in its design and operationalization of an innovative and effective Private Sector Facility. It was carried out in close partnership with the Dutch Ministry of Infrastructure and Environment.
The Government of India has set ambitious targets for renewable energy — a doubling of existing renewable energy capacity to 55, MW by This case study finds that while Indian solar policy was essential to build this innovative plant it was not enough for India to deploy CSP plants at the desired level and speed.
California has long been a leader in developing and deploying clean, low-carbon technologies, in large part due to its supportive This brief, the first in series of reports on CSP, looks at the global landscape of CSP in terms of markets, technology, financing models, and policies to better understand how to structure effective and cost-effective public policies and investments.
California has long been a leader in energy efficiency policy among U.
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Our evaluation of the RRIM contributes to the debate on the effectiveness of shareholder incentives, providing insights on how program design choices and institutional dynamics contribute to policy outcomes. In this San Giorgio Group Case Study, Climate Policy Initiative studies the Pilot Program for Climate Resilience to highlight early lessons from a project engaging private actors in building the resilience of Nepal's agricultural sector.
The overarching goal of this project is to establish models for climate-smart agriculture that make climate resilience a business proposition for the private actors involved, long beyond the project's life. We find that there is ample scope for enhanced protection of natural resources and growth of agricultural production in Brazil within a Production and Protection framework. From a protection standpoint, the country would benefit from developing mechanisms that significantly drive up the private cost of clearing native vegetation, as well as through the advancement of market-based incentives that promote sustainable practices.
From a production standpoint, there is room to increase Brazilian agricultural production via productivity gains, at no apparent cost to environmental conservation. Emissions from deforestation and forest degradation make up nearly one fifth of global greenhouse gas emissions and the estimated costs of halving emissions from deforestation and forest degradation by far exceed available public resources. This case study analyzes the Kalimantan Forests and Climate Partnership project in Indonesia to see what it can teach policymakers and investors about rehabilitating degraded peatland effectively, and what barriers need to be overcome to attract private investment at scale.
A no-till farming method called the Direct Planting System DPS is one of the most important developments in agriculture in the past decades. Farmers who adopt the DPS produce higher crop yields at a lower cost while generating lower carbon emissions from their farming, outcomes that benefit both farmers and the climate.