The Illustrated Canon of Chen Family Taijiquan
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A Continuation of Chen Family Taijiquan
Keep up the good writing. Allison Mitchell. How you can increase your height? Hey There. Why do they call it the Achilles heel? The fundamental principles for Chen style tai chi chuan are summarized as follows:  . Historical forms refers to training methods that are described in traditional boxing manuals from Chen village  or through oral recollections or through verbal histories. Those routines were: . In terms of weapons, the Chen clan writings described a variety of weapons including: spear, staff, swords, halberd, mace, sickles but the manual specifically describes training for spear, staff, broadsword and straight sword.
Pushhands as a means of training was not described in those historical manuals but rather it was described as a form of pair training. There are three main variants of Chen forms that are being practiced today. The concept of frames refer to the general width of stances and range of motion within the form. Each frame have their own distinctive lineage and training ideas. Both type of large frame are traced directly to the teachings of Chen Fake.
The large frame — old frame system of training consists of two forms. These two forms known as the basic of Chen-style Tai chi Quan. This system was first taught by Chen Fake in Beijing in There are 72 moves in the First Form and 42 moves in the Second Form. Due to this common lineage, there are similarities on stances even though more than fifty years separates the Yang training traditions and the form revealed by Chen Fake in Beijing.
The description of Yilu in Chen style parlance are: Movements are large and stretching, Footwork is brisk and steady, the body is naturally straight, the entire body controlled by internal energy. Erlu training starts after the student is proficient in performing Yilu. Yilu trains the student on the unique principles of Tai chi in contrast Erlu focus on fighting applications based on those principles. In appearance, the Erlu stances are shorter, the moves are faster and more explosive.
The intent is that each posture is training for a strike rather than on a grapple and the technique uses the energies of smaller and smaller circles. Zhu Tian Cai, who was a young man at the time, claims that they all started calling it "xin jia" new frame because it was adapted from classic old frame.
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The stances tend to be more compact in the goal of better mobility for fighting applications, while they still remain quite low. This form tends to emphasize manipulation, seizing and grappling qin na and a tight method of spiral winding for both long and shorter range striking. Zhu Tian Cai has commented that the xinjia new frame emphasises the silk reeling movements to help beginners more easily learn the internal principles in form and to make application more obvious in relation to the Old big frame forms.
It was also recounted that by the time of the cultural revolution, Chen Village was losing qualified teachers of Taijiquan, and the resident students who are now the more famous exponents of the style had not been taught much in the areas of tuishou push hand or martial application methods.
It was not until the return of Chen Zhaokui that these methods were covered in detail, over a series of visits. What some called "Xinjia", or Chen Zhaokui's form, was explicitly practiced with the purpose of developing tangible and effective martial arts methods and strengths.
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This is another reason it was said to be exciting for younger students. In Chen Village xin jia is traditionally learned only after lao jia. Like lao jia, xin jia consists of two routines, yi lu and er lu cannon fist. The new frame cannon fist is generally performed faster than the other empty hand forms, at the standardized speed its 83 movements finish in under 15 minutes.
DVD material has been made available in more recent times though authentic, public teaching is still hard to find. The reasons for this may be more to do with the nature of small frame tradition itself rather than any particular motivation of secrecy. Although it recently had the term "small frame" attached to it "xiao jia" was previously known as "xin jia" new frame.
Apparently the name change occurred to differentiate it from the new routines that Chen Fake created from big frame tradition's "old frame" routines in the s, which then became called "Xin Jia" by the young men of Chen Village. Even today some people confuse Chen Fake's altered routines from big frame tradition's "old frame" routines with small frame tradition and believe he revealed the secret teaching of small frame tradition as well.
Zhu Tian Cai comments that small frame tradition routines also used to be practiced by "retired" Chen villagers. It seems this was because the more demanding leaping, stomping, low frame, and intensive fa jing of the advanced big frame tradition routines have been eliminated and the retained movements emphasize use of the more subtle internal skills, which is a more appropriate regimen for the bodies of elder practitioners.
He also observed that young children used to imitate Small Frame routines by watching older villagers practising and this was encouraged for health reasons.
Xiao Jia is known mainly for its emphasis on internal movements, this being the main reason that people refer to it as "small frame"; all "silk-reeling" action is within the body, the limbs are the last place the motion occurs. When Chen Zhaokui returned to Chenjiagou he taught Chen Fake's form, unknown to them, and some of the village started calling it "xinjia" new frame because it was adapted from classic "laojia" old frame. Because of this distinction, Chen Fake's disciples decided to name his master style as "Beijing's Chen style" to differentiate it from Chenjiagou "Xinjia" and considered as the 1st generation to Chen Fake.
This means that the disciples of Chen Fake continue the Chen lineage 18th, 19th, 20th, 21st generation, etc Important for the diffusion of this style is Tian Xiuchen 18 generation Chen style and 2nd generation Beijing's Chen style , the disciple that learned Chen style with Chen Fake for the longest time. He introduced Taijiquan teaching in Chinese universities. Other notable master is Chen Zhaokui's son, Chen Yu, who studied under his father's supervision.
Chen Fake ever called their style "Xinjia" or believed that what they practiced was newer than other branches of Chen Taijiquan. The Zhaobao Taijiquan shares many stylistic similarities with Chen-style taijiquan because it was originated by Chen Qingping, a Chen Family stylist.
The Illustrated Canon of Chen Family Taijiquan pdf | Mingahichafa
His disciples such as He Zhaoyuan and Wu Yuxiang promoted this unique style. Despite the similarities in appearance, this style has its own history, theory and philosophy. This style is considered to be a distinct and separate traditional Chinese martial art. Feng, who died on 5 May , was widely considered the foremost living martial artist of the Chen tradition. While such principles already exist in mainstream Chen-style the Hun Yuan tradition develops the theme further.
Its teaching system pays attention to spiraling techniques in both body and limbs and how they may be harmoniously coordinated together. Specifically, the style synthesizes Chen Taijiquan, Xinyi, and Tongbeiquan both Qigong and, to a lesser degree, martial movements , the styles studied by Feng Zhoqiang at different times. The training syllabus also includes 35 Chen Silk-Reeling and condensed 38 and 48 open-fist forms in addition to Chen Fake's modified Big Frame forms 87 and The Hunyuan tradition is internationally well organized and managed by Feng's daughters and his long-time disciples.
Internally trained instructors teach tai chi for health benefits with many also teaching Chen martial-art applications. Feng's specially trained "disciple instructors" teach Chen internal martial art skills of the highest level. Grandmaster Feng in his late years rarely taught publicly but devoted his energies to training Hun Yuan instructors and an inner core of nine "disciples" that included Cao Zhilin, Chen Xiang, Pan Houcheng, Wang Fengming and Zhang Xuexin. This branch of Chen t'ai chi ch'uan is accredited to Hong Junsheng , a senior student of Chen Fake who became a disciple in Similar to other family styles of t'ai chi ch'uan, Chen-style has had its frame adapted by competitors to fit within the framework of wushu competition.
In the last ten years or so even respected grandmasters of traditional styles have begun to accommodate this contemporary trend towards shortened forms that take less time to learn and perform. Beginners in large cities don't always have the time, space or the concentration needed to immediately start learning old frame 75 movements. This proves all the more true at workshops given by visiting grandmasters. This book is a must for any practitioner who seeks a level beyond the physical in Taijiquan.
Email us to order. Taijiquan in 88 Forms pages. The famous Art of War by Sun Zi. Translated by Ralph Sawyer. Translated by Ren Jiyu. Couple of old black and white photos of Yang Zhendou and Ma Yueliang. English Books. Chinese Books.